Friday the 11th of July marks Archaeology Day 2014, a tremendous initiative designed to showcase the diversity of research and work that is found in the archaeological sector and industry across the world. But rather than have this blog entry focus on me specifically, I wanted to present the view of a few of my friends that are involved in the archaeology community worldwide, whether they are a volunteer, a student or an academic, be they in it for the fun or employed in the commercial sector. So without further ado here are a few of my friends and what they will be up to on the Day of Archaeology 2014!
So firstly we meet up with my friend Jennifer in Belgium, who has some skeletons that need examining:
“I am a graduate in Prehistoric archaeology, and in funerary archaeology and human osteology. On archaeology day I will be conducting an osteological study on a skeletal collection. Firstly there is a need to assess the completeness of the bones that were excavated in the Belgian town of Rebecq. This excavation by the SPW (Public Service of Wallonia) is one of the fieldworks I took part as a volunteer in 2012. The cemetery is early medieval, and the individuals seem to show a lot of pathological lesions. The sex and age at death of the individuals is estimated based on metrical and morphological features expressed in the remains. Understanding the health conditions and the demographic profile of the people buried in this cemetery will help understand how they lived in Rebecq in the Middle Ages.
Besides that, I have also been helping at the lab for the Palaeoanthropology course led at the University of Brussels this academic semester. I am also working on publishing my two master thesis. Everything is done on a volunteering basis as there are very few paid opportunity for osteoarchaeologists in Belgium. This does not mean that there is nothing to work on, as Belgium is rich in skeletal material excavated in numerous fieldworks across the country, a large part of which still has to be properly studied.”
- Jennifer Gonissen, an osteoarchaeologist based in Brussels.
Keeping with the skeletal theme we now turn towards Cheshire, England, where we find Alison helping archaeological students:
“While I often spend a lot of time at a desk for archaeology, this summer I am back in the field: from June to September at the Poulton Research Project field school in Cheshire. As there is a cemetery on site it is my role to oversee any excavation involving human remains. In addition to this, I also to teach students (from all subject backgrounds and levels of experience) how to identify, excavate, record, lift, and clean skeletal material.
Students record a burial on site, before the skeleton is lifted. Photo credit Alison Atkin, with permission.
While it’s my job, I consider it a privilege to be involved in their introduction to osteoarchaeology – and thus far I’ve been nothing less than impressed with their enthusiasm for and insights into the subject.”
- Alison Atkin, a Doctoral Researcher at University of Sheffield, osteoarchaeologist at the Poulton Research Project and blogger at Deathsplanation.
After which we join David in Haddington, Scotland, as he balances his community and commercial archaeological work:
“Currently the world of my archaeology revolves around 5 major suns, all equally bright and demanding. The Skills passport is printed and being packed, with the final text added to the website, BAJR is campaigning for more than minima, the preparations for fieldschools and training with Rampart Scotland are at warp factor 7 (days to go) and of course Past Horizons articles never end. Finally, and slipped into the mix is my commercial sun, three reports to be completed, two tenders to submit and a rather complex negotiation to tiptoe through. Also helping to organise a medieval conference in Haddington in September and a new social enterprise archaeology group. So all in all a fairly busy, but exciting time!”
- David Connolly, owner of BAJR, co-writer at Past Horizons and creator of the Archaeology Skills Passport.
David Connolly horsing about on an archaeology project – business as usual!
What is it like to work in the field as an archaeologist and what can it involve? Kevin provides a breakdown of what he gets up to in the fields and offices of England:
“I am currently working with Wardell Armstrong Archaeology, as a casual field archaeologist out of their Carlisle office. They have me doing a little bit of everything in terms of work, though mostly within the early stages of pre-planning on sites due for development, including surveys (mostly geophysics) and evaluations.
Unfortunately I have been told I am not allowed to divulge detailed information on current projects for obvious reasons, but I can talk about the projects I’ve been involved with recently that have been made public. For example, I helped throughout most of the post-ex for the predominantly Roman site at Blackfriars, in Leicester; washing all the finds as they came back, helping to catalogue them, writing small-finds sheets etc., which was great because there were some very interesting finds. Pretty much everything you would expect from a domestic, urban Roman site, complete with coins, copper brooches, various other types of jewellery, iron tools, hoards of pottery and colourful painted wall plaster. There was even a couple of roof tiles baked with animal paw prints still in them, which were interesting, giving a very intimate snapshot of Roman life.
Kevin building a snapshot of every day life by processing the archaeological artefacts. Notice the regulatory Richard the III mug that can be found in every archaeologists office (click to enlarge!).
However, my primary role these days is with the geophysics team, travelling all over the country, Essex, Wiltshire, Staffordshire, Cumbria, Kent, Lancashire and on Archaeology Day I will theoretically be on the outskirts of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Nice and close to home. As I said, I can’t go into details about the job other than it is in advance of a housing development. Doing the geophysics itself is hard work. I am not going to lie! We shall be walking, I’ve been told, through knee-high sugar-beet, which will make walking with the twin-probed magnetometers awkward at best.
I think I’ve done geophysics through every type of crop and across every type of terrain (and through every weather condition!). Sometimes it’s quite enjoyable, other times, like I say, it’s bloody hard. No doubt I will need to buy a new pair of wellies by the end of the second day. That’s right, we wear wellies!!! Our company won’t supply non-metallic shoes, so we’re all wearing rubber wellies which are uncomfortable to walk in over long distances and very hot and sweaty in the summer heat! Fun fun! I suppose the odd aspect to my doing geophysics is that I’m not a geophysicist, and I certainly have no formal training in geophysics. I’m very much an archaeologist who has been pulled in to do the surveying work, learning on the job!”
- Kevin Horsley, a commercial field archaeologist with his hands and feet dipped into all the pots archaeology has to offer.
My undergraduate university friend Emily also enjoys the variety that life in archaeology has to offer:
“If I am not in the field digging evaluations or excavations with my team, I am in the office processing finds and preparing archaeological archives for museum accessioning. This weekend I’ll be celebrating the Festival of Archaeology by heading down to the nearby Milton Keynes Central Library to talk to the public about archaeology and local finds!
Emily and company at Cotswold Archaeology processing and recording archaeological data, ready to archive and store material. Photo credit: Cotswold Archaeology.
I really enjoy both the fieldwork and post-excavation elements of my job, it is nice to have the variety and I feel one improves the other as it gives me a better understanding of the different aspects of commercial archaeology.”
- Emily Evans, field archaeologist for Cotswold Archaeology.
Is field work all there is to archaeology or can you get involved in other ways as well? Robert provides a different view:
“I was forced to leave the archaeological profession in 2011, mostly owing to the difficulties of providing for my family on ever diminishing wages, and the requirement to erode standards to the level that there was no longer a point in doing the job. Three years later I’m still in archaeology, but not in the way I ever expected. Today my ‘day of archaeology’ will involve leaving the house early and going to work in IT. Once I’m home in the evening and the kids are fed, washed, and put to bed do I generally get a chance to sneak off to my study and write.
Robert Chapple hard at work writing about archaeology. Read more about Robert, his desk and others (including mine) here!
These days the main drive of my archaeological writing is for my blog, the uninspiringly named ‘Robert M Chapple, Archaeologist’. I write about archaeological and heritage stuff that interests me, from days out with my family at ancient sites, to campaigning on a variety of heritage issues. However, the stuff that brings me the most pleasure right now are various accounts of lectures, conferences, and symposia – either written by myself or fellow conspirators – that I help to bring different aspects of archaeological research to a wide audience. It’s not what I ever imagined I’d be doing, but I’m still here and I’m still enjoying being able to contribute to the field.”
- Robert M. Chapple, whose work and blog can be found at Robert M Chapple, Archaeologist.
Ancient Egypt entices a lot of children and teenagers into studying archaeology but what is it really like? Loretta presents us with a snapshot of where her research is at:
“I am due to start my PhD on ancient Egyptian and Sudanese ceramics this autumn at the university of Oxford; specifically looking at pilgrim flasks from the New Kingdom to the Roman period. This year, I have been working as an independent researcher and consultant, and a book I have consulted on, ‘Discover More: Ancient Egypt‘ has recently been published. This summer I am busy working on a project analysing infant jar burials, which I am developing into a paper.”
- Loretta Kilroe, an Egyptologist specializing in pottery who is based at the University of Oxford.
Loretta working on documenting Egyptian pottery from a recent project with the British Museum in Sudan.
Heading over to Australia now, we have my good friend Lorna explaining a bit about her research and why it’s important:
“My PhD thesis, Towards a Bioarchaeology of Care: A contextualised approach for identifying and interpreting health-related care provision in prehistory, was finalised last year – I’ve included the whole of this cumbersome title because it’s a reasonable summary of my research focus. Over the next twelve months I’ll be putting my efforts into improving and extending the bioarchaeology of care approach. This will include refining the Index of Care – a freely available application, launched earlier this year, designed to support the four-stage bioarchaeology of care methodology (user feedback is enthusiastically solicited!); editing my thesis for publication (look out for Theory and Practice in the Bioarchaeology of Care in 2015); and helping to organise a special session – ‘Building a Bioarchaeology of Care’ – to be held at the Society of American Archaeology 2015 meeting in San Francisco (and at which David Mennear, the creator of this blog, will be speaking).
The first case study to apply a ‘bioarchaeology of care’ methodology focused on Man Bac Burial 9, a young man from Neolithic Vietnam who lived with quadriplegia for around a decade (see more here).
As time permits, I’ll also be trialing the Index of Care on new cases of past health-related caregiving; I hope to explore the experience of individuals from historic as well as prehistoric contexts, which will give me the chance to look at how information from archaeology conforms to information on care practice from available texts.”
- Lorna Tilley, a visitor in the School of Archaeology and Anthropology at Australia National University.
From Australia we jump back to Belgium and Héloïse, who introduces us to her research interest in Benin pottery:
“My name is Héloïse Meziani, I graduated from a Master’s degree in Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, in 2012; and continued on with a Master’s degree at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, in The Arts of Africa, Oceania and The Americas. I decided to enroll in this second MA to wider my opportunities in the “world art and archaeology” field. However, after this successful year in England, I came back to Belgium to unpaid internships as only opportunities. Jobs in our field are few and funded PhD hard to obtain.
On Archaeology Day, I will be continuing my volunteer internship at the Royal Museum for Central Africa of Tervuren, Belgium. I am currently studying pottery sherds brought back in February 2014 from the archaeological habitat site of Kantoro, northern Benin, by the Crossroads of Empire project team. My work consists in the systematic study of 2 Surveys; one of 283 sherds, another of 859 sherds. After inventorying, reassembling and imputing all of those shards in a database (by shape and decor), I am in the process of photographing and studying the diagnostic material to understand its use and its variation through time. We can already see a dichotomy between two types of ceramics: thick and large ones decorated using folded strip roulette or by cord, probably made for storage, and a finer, more polished ceramic, decorated with thinner tools, possibly used for serving food.
Examples of pottery sherds from the above mentioned project. Pottery sherd survey II, 40-50cm, and second pottery sherd survey II, 80-90cm. Photo credit Héloïse Meziani.
My interests are in African pottery and beads (my UEA’s master’s dissertation was on a collection of archaeological beads from northern Benin), but also in Mochica’s ceramics (Peru). In the future, I am hoping to find a job (research or museum work) in link with one of those fields of studies.“
- Héloïse Meziani, an archaeologist.
And from Belgium we jump to Germany, where we find Anna carrying out all sorts of duties for her archaeological company:
“Currently I’m working for an archaeological company in Cologne (Archbau Köln) being the handy man – so that means I’m mainly working in the office finishing projects that mainly involve counting sherds of pottery, organising excavations but also being on site. Besides all of this, I am also the main anthropologist of my company – so whenever we dig up some skeletons I’m responsible for their examination. So basically, I’m always quite busy archaeology wise.”
- Anna Marschner, an osteoarchaeologist.
Next we find Adam talking about the often unsuspecting and adventurous pathways that archaeology can take you on:
“I finished my M.A. at Sheffield in 2012 and moved to London in April 2013. I was a bit upset that I was not doing anything with my degree so I looked for work, which I found, at the Palestine Exploration Fund. Through a connection there I ended up going on a two and a half month excavation in Sudan of a medieval Nile River fort. It was an amazing site but the living was very rough but that is half the fun of it!
Adam Fraser relaxes in Sudan after excavating in the heat, and considers relaxing in London before taking part in some Oman archaeological exploits.
While I was in Sudan one of the team members received an email from a friend back in the UK. The email was about potential work in Oman. Nobody on our team was able to accept the invitation so I did. After finishing in Sudan I was in London for a few weeks indulging in the various vices that one misses while on excavation. Before I could settle down I was on another flight to Muscat. Upon arrival I was informed of the enormous task before our small team. We had to excavate and document a very large tract of land which was being developed for a highway. Scattered through the designated landscape were many Bronze-Iron Age tombs. We ended up with a few skeletons to show for it and a good collection of beads and some other jewellery. I did not expect that things would turn out this was when I was looking for work a year ago.“
- Adam Fraser, a field archaeologist and a librarian at the Palestine Exploration Fund.
From Adam to Alex, who explains what it can be like to direct an archaeology company:
“As archaeology director for Elmet Archaeological Services Ltd I have a many varied role and I can be seen with many different hats on. This 2014 Archaeology Day finds me editing a report from a site that we worked on last year, whilst trying to get to grips with the vagaries of ArcMap; the commonly used GIS program for mapping sites.
Alex in full recruitment mode for a community archaeolgy project looking at the evidence for WWII prisoner of war camps at Hickleton Hall.
I shall also be getting ready for our yearly excavations at Hickleton Hall in Doncaster, beginning in two weeks!”
- Alex Sotheran, director at Elmet Archaeolgical Services Ltd.
And finally we have Spencer who’s often busy staring at rocks, looking for clues to our past:
“I’m an archaeological lithics specialist with a particular passion for the Mesolithic period in north-east England. Somebody has to be! This period, between the last glaciation and the onset of the Neolithic revolution, is a boiling pot of potential in our region – tantalising glimpses of transitions, human reactions to major climate events and natural disasters like tsunamis.
Spencer Carter hard at work threading the ties of humanity via the lithic analysis of Mesolithic flints from the north of England.
On the Day of Archaeology I will be in the lithics lab in north-west London. The door is always open during the day because people drift in and out wondering what on earth I’m doing with tiny bits of stone in their thousands. I tell them the story because archaeology is about a narrative, about our shared past and lineage. Having been burgled twice, the door is double-bolted each evening (nothing was taken). I’m continuing the detailed cataloguing and photography and awaiting, chewing on fingernails, the final set of radiocarbon dates for an exciting excavated Mesolithic ‘persistent place’ on the North York Moors.
On top of that, I’m helping to organise a CSI Teesside forensics event for the Festival of Archaeology and, as editor for Council for British Archaeology Yorkshire, calling for papers for our annual FORUM YORKSHIRE journal.”
- Spencer Carter, who blogs at Microburin, is a member of the Lithoscapes team and the Teeside Archaeology Society chairman.
So there you have it! A short selection of what some of my friends involved in the beautiful, but sometimes frustrating, world of archaeology are up to on the Day of Archaeology 2014.
The question now is what are you going to be doing? Let me know in the comments below!